Could hops be new cash crop for Nebraska farmers?
September 17th, 2015
The popularity of craft beer, or beer made by smaller breweries, is growing across the country. In Nebraska, there are more than 24 breweries in operation, with others breaking ground soon. The growing demand for locally produced beer is causing some Nebraska farmers to rethink what they plant.
Nebraskans drink a lot of beer. Out of the 10 states that drink the most beer, Nebraska and Texas are tied at 8th in per capita consumption–more than 560 12-ounce bottles for every man, woman and child in the state. And considering that a lot of Nebraskans donâ€™t drink, the rest of us must be doing our share.
Last month, Omahaâ€™s Werner Park played host to the 7th Annual Great Nebraska Beerfest, a convention of sorts for beer makers and beer drinkers. Kim Kavulak is the owner of Nebraska Brewing Company, which hosts and sponsors Beerfest.
â€œYear over year, it seems like it comes around a little faster every time,â€ Kavulak said, â€œbut the growth is so amazing that it gets much more fun every year.â€
More than 90 breweries from around the country attended Beerfest this year, 30 more than last year.
â€œYou gotta [sic] get your name out there. People have to try your beer to know what it is,â€ Gary Briggs, a brewer with Schlafly Bottleworks in St. Louis, said.
Briggs continued, â€œAt the end of the day, thereâ€™s a lot of people still drinking Bud, Miller, and Coors, and they probably should continue to do so; but getting them to also pick up our beer, maybe theyâ€™re going to transition into craft beer, we want to welcome that.â€
Briggs said thereâ€™s no better way to welcome customers, than by catering to their specific tastes. Light lagers, IPAâ€™s, oatmeal stouts, chocolate-infused tripels, even sour ales, thereâ€™s most likely a beer flavor for every palette.
But where do all those unique flavors come from?
Just off U.S. Highway 34, north of Plattsmouth, are the Nebraska Hop Yards. Hops are cone-shaped flowers used by brewers to flavor beer. The hop plant is a bine. A bine is like a vine, except the long, stringy plants extend themselves by wrapping around a support, instead of sending out tendrils or suckers. Each hop bine grows up a rope measuring 18-feet long, and suspended in the air by steel cables attached to large wooden supports resembling telephone poles.
Silas Clarke is the yardâ€™s general manager.
The biney-jungle Clarke created was planted in May. He explained some of the 22 different varieties of hops can grow up to a foot a day when conditions are right.
â€œSo itâ€™s just a ginormous test plot,â€ Clarke said, â€œand the reason we did that is to determine what best grows here in Nebraska, what the brewers really want, and how we can move forward with our plans.â€
The majority of hops grown in the U.S. come from California. Clarke said that means many of Nebraskaâ€™s brewers had never seen where their ingredients were coming from, until this year.
Nebraska Hop Yards is one of three companies founded by Bruce and Annette Wiles. The Wiles said they started the companies with so they could create a local hops industry Nebraska brewers could turn to for ingredients.
Annette Wiles said she and her husband are â€œtrying to look at a farm to table concept, with craft brewing though, as opposed to regular farming.â€
At one time, Bruce Wiles managed more than 11,000 acres of traditional row crops. He said with the price of commodities falling, more farmers might want to consider planting hops.
â€œIt is a perennial,â€ Bruce said, â€œYou got a 30-year plant. Once the planting is in, you just take care of it, and it comes back each year. Once the infrastructure is in, youâ€™re off and running.â€
Since the Wiles are literally growing the hops industry in Nebraska from the ground up, theyâ€™ve had to get creative in how their products get to market. A $50,000 grant from the State of Nebraska was used to build a prototype mobile harvester which uses a conveyer-belt type system to remove the hop cones from the bines.
Once the cones are removed, theyâ€™re dried, pelletized, packaged and delivered to brewers.
Clarke said most of this yearâ€™s harvest will be given awayâ€”free of chargeâ€”with the idea the brewers will sign contracts at some point in the future.
By giving away so many different varieties to local brewers, Clarke said theyâ€™ll be free to experiment and create new beers for new customers, like former NFL all-pro running back Ahman Green. Green was at the Great Nebraska Beerfest to promote his foundation, and to develop a partnership with the Nebraska Brewing Company to create a new beer flavor.
â€œMyself and my wife actually like the pumpkin spice that [Nebraska Brewing Company] brews already,â€ Green said, â€œSo hopefully weâ€™ll get a good brew going and help raise money for the foundation and bring more credibility to the Nebraska Brewing Company.â€
And just in case pumpkin spice beer might not be your cup of tea, you may just want to try something else.
As Kim Kavulak put it while at Beerfest, â€œThere are 450 varieties of beer out here today. You have to find something.â€
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