Housing Nebraskaâ€™s homeless
July 30th, 2015
About 10,000 people are homeless in Nebraska each year. Recently two names dropped off that list, an Omaha couple who were living in a tent camp. In February we introduced you to Rickie and Jennifer; Mike Tobias continues their story, and examines the challenges of housing Nebraskaâ€™s homeless population.
Omaha, NE – Last winter, Jennifer and Rickie Shinabarger gave a tour of â€œthe jungle.â€[audio:https://kvnonews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Rick_JenKVNO1.mp3]
This is what they called their tent camp on the banks of the Missouri River in Omaha. A fire in a sawed-off oil drum provided heat. A nylon tent was shelter. It was their home.
â€œSometimes we have to wear our overalls to bed. Thatâ€™s how cold it is,â€ Jennifer said.
Six months later theyâ€™re giving another tour.
â€œHereâ€™s the kitchen,â€ Jennifer said, walking through their apartment on the edge of downtown Omaha. â€œI still need some new things, but other than that itâ€™s all equipped.â€
The apartment Rickie and Jennifer moved into is not fancy; thereâ€™s a living room, kitchen, bathroom and one bedroom. The donated furniture is mismatched, but in good shape. The place is clean and decorated with things important to the couple; his collection of toy cars, her collection of elephants. Native American dreamcatchers from Rickieâ€™s mother hang on one wall, family photos on another.
Theyâ€™re asked if itâ€™s a good amount of space. â€œYes,â€ Jennifer answered. â€œItâ€™s a lot bigger than a tent.â€
Life hasnâ€™t been smooth for Rickie, in his 40s, and Jennifer, in her 20s. It includes rough childhoods, failed relationships and criminal records. Both are unable to work because of medical problems, and both are trying to get on disability programs, which would provide some income. For now they survive on food stamps and things people give away. Rickie said heâ€™s lived in shelters or on the streets for more than two decades.
Hereâ€™s how Rickie and Jennifer got from a tent to an apartment. It started with contact from an outreach worker.
â€œI have clients that live on the street. They were one of my clients for a while,â€ said Sarah Hughes, an outreach specialist for Heartland Family Service in Omaha who started working with Rickie and Jennifer about a year ago. â€œI do a screening assessment on them, and then they go on our wait-list for housing with Heartland Family Service.â€
Because Rickie was classified as chronically homeless and both were considered vulnerable because of health problems and other risks, they became a higher priority for housing programs. After a couple months they were connected with a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development program for people who need long term assistance; HUD is a common funding source for housing the homeless. Rickie and Jennifer picked out the apartment, it was inspected for quality standards and then they moved in. The program pays their rent and utilities, but there are expectations.
â€œMaintain a lease, so theyâ€™re in charge of maintaining a lease with their landlord,â€ Hughes said. â€œSo if that means not having people live with them, not having pets. If they get notices for behaviors maybe theyâ€™re not supposed to have, partying. Those are some stuff that we do with them. But itâ€™s up to them to maintain that lease. And we try to teach those tenants how to be tenants, how to be good tenants.â€
Thatâ€™s one of the things that happens when outreach workers, as part of the program, visit Rickie and Jennifer a couple times a month at their apartment to see how things are going and offer assistance. Those who work on housing the homeless say this support is vital in keeping people from returning to the streets.
â€œIf youâ€™ve been outdoors, if youâ€™ve been homeless for a long time, you donâ€™t know the activities required for independent living,â€ said Topher Hansen, CEO of CenterPointe in Lincoln.
Hansen, who has been doing this sort of work for more than two decades, said continuing to work on the things that often accompany or cause homelessness is also important after getting someone into housing. Things like mental and physical health issues, substance abuse and unemployment.
â€œOne of the things that I think is the secret to getting people better sooner for longer is that you identify all the issues they need and bring them all forward at the same time,â€ Hansen said. â€œIf youâ€™re ill in the first place with mental health and substance issues, then you need to begin to work on those issues so you can sustain that housing; otherwise it just is a revolving door that people are in and out and what we want is really to move them towards stability.â€
Itâ€™s an example of what is called the Housing First philosophy for dealing with homelessness. â€œIt follows that idea that if youâ€™re going to get better, the first thing you have to do is take care of basic needs,â€ Hansen said. â€œSo a roof over your head and food in your belly and clothes on your back and finding the basic needs first is the way that you have to proceed; and then, you can start approaching the health care issues when somebody is really in a safe, secure situation to get better.â€
â€œBelieving that housing is a fundamental right, and even if theyâ€™re using drugs or drinking alcohol or (have) mental health symptoms, housing is deserving,â€ Hughes said. â€œThen hopefully some of those symptoms or those behaviors will loosen and lessen when they go into housing.â€
Solving homelessness is a resource-heavy task, requiring lots of one-on-one work with clients. Nebraska receives significant federal funding for this purpose; Hansen says CenterPointe alone gets about $2.5 million yearly from HUD and the Veterans Administration. But Hansen and others working on the issue say more help is needed.
â€œI think the funding has been an issue, but thereâ€™s no question the housing doesnâ€™t exist in relation to the need,â€ Hansen said.
â€œWe would need more money, and people, and support,â€ Hughes said. â€œLandlords, I would say right now the struggle is landlords. We could have all the money in the world, but if we donâ€™t have landlords that are willing to take a chance and house people that are going to be a little more work for a landlord, itâ€™s hard.â€
Important because most housing solutions in Nebraska infuse clients into the community, an approach Hansen believes is more effective than dedicated facilities for people who had been homeless.
Rickie and Jennifer say many of their neighbors donâ€™t even know they used to be homeless. Theyâ€™re more than happy to be rid of that label, and living a more normal life in their apartment. A variety of health issues keep them from working. They watch TV, play board games and go on walks. So whatâ€™s the best part of being in a place of their own?
â€œItâ€™s our own. Itâ€™s ours,â€ Jennifer responded.
â€œAnd we can come home and say Iâ€™m tired. I want to go to bed any time I want. Eat what I want. Relax,â€ Rickie added.
When they first moved in, Rickie carried Jennifer over the threshold into the apartment. A wedding tradition that wasnâ€™t possible when they got married; at that time they were living in a tent by the Missouri River.
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