Counting and caring for Nebraska’s homeless population
February 26th, 2015
Some you see, most you donâ€™t. The thousands of people who are homeless in Nebraska each year. NebraskaÂ workers recently madeÂ an effort to count the homeless in the stateÂ to improve care for them.
Omaha, NE – Wearing a blue â€œStreet Outreach Teamâ€ hooded sweatshirt, Ann Smolsky briefs about 40 social services workers and volunteers in a University of Nebraska at Omaha meeting room.[audio:https://kvnonews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/homelessinnebraskapart1_KVNO01.mp3]
Theyâ€™ll soon head to the cracks and crevices of the Omaha metro area in an effort to find and count homeless people.
Smolsky, who works for the Metro Area Continuum of Care for the Homeless, is leading the annual January point-in–time count of homeless people in the Omaha area. A different group takes care of this in Lincoln, a third covers the rest of the state.Â This count happens throughout the country, a Federal government requirement to come count the number of people living on the streets or in shelters on one winter night.
â€œIt also really helps us connect and find out not just how many people are there, but we take it a step further,â€ Smolsky said. â€œWhat are their needs? How can we then connect them to ongoing services so that those that are out on the streets, in abandoned buildings, sleeping in their cars, donâ€™t feel as isolated, and then we can help get a case manager to work with them and find out what might be available.â€
They set out in small groups. Because itâ€™s organized by people who work regularly with the homeless, they know where to look and who theyâ€™re looking for. One group looks for an elderly woman who is often living downtown in an abandoned car. They call out, â€œoutreach, anyone in there. Street outreach. Hungry?â€ But thereâ€™s no answer. One worker notices blankets and pillows in the abandoned car, but says they didnâ€™t see the woman as they drove up.
Riding with Smolsky, we head to Heartland of America Park, where another group of workers will meet with two couples who live in a camp on the Missouri River.
â€œWe get a good number that stay near the river both on the Omaha and Council Bluff side,â€ Smolsky said as we arrived. â€œTheyâ€™re used to be more people before we had the big floods down there. Itâ€™s kind of thinned it out a little bit. Weâ€™re seeing a lot more people move further west actually.â€
At any given time, there are Nebraskans living by the river, in cars, dumpsters and abandoned buildings, and in shelters and friendâ€™s basements, many more than will be counted during the yearly one night survey. About 10,000 Nebraskans are homeless at some point each year; 6,500 in Omaha. Smolsky said who they are may surprise you.
â€œWe often think of that stereotypical homeless person, maybe the older gentleman that has an alcohol addiction, or mental health issues,â€ Smolsky said. â€œBut really, homelessness doesnâ€™t have just one group. We have families. We have young parents. For the first time this year, HUD is going to be collecting data on youth/parent households. So those under 25 years old who are caregivers that are also homeless. We have veterans out there.â€
â€œPeople often think, â€˜oh they donâ€™t work. They are lazyâ€™â€ Smolsky added. â€œWe have a number of people with jobs that just donâ€™t make enough to make ends meet. A lot of people come into homelessness and they find their way out fairly quickly. There are some of those that get stuck in this process, in the system, and thatâ€™s who we try to target our resources to.â€
Sarah Hughes was another leader of Omahaâ€™s survey. She said there are many causes of homelessness. Â â€œI think poverty, lack of support,â€ said Hughes, who works with the homeless for her job with Heartland Family Service. â€œI will ask them, whoâ€™s your support? Me? Youâ€™ve known me for a week, how am I your support? The CPS (Child Protective Services) system has given up on them. Their family has given up on them, their friends, theyâ€™ve lost their jobs. They donâ€™t have incomes. So I think poverty and support are a huge thing and then what comes with that, some people have mental health issues and an addiction to treat their mental health.â€
â€œThereâ€™s really not a single common story,â€ added Charles Coley, executive director of the Metro Area Coalition of Care for the Homeless. â€œThe stories are as diverse as every person within our homeless system of care. In this field of work, we talk about person-centered service delivery, and we remember thereâ€™s no one thing that causes homelessness. Itâ€™s as diverse as the people we see every day.â€
About 10 percent of Nebraskaâ€™s homeless population are considered chronically homeless, meaning theyâ€™ve been homeless for a full year, or homeless at some point four times in a three year period. Reducing, even eliminating chronic homelessness, is one of the focuses of the stateâ€™s just revised 10-year plan for dealing with homelessness.
â€œWe chose strategically to align our four goals with the goals of the federalÂ strategic plan to prevent homelessness,â€ said Coley, who is also a member of the governor-appointed Nebraska Commission on Housing and Homelessness. â€œThose four goals are end chronic homelessness, secondarily end veteran homelessness, thirdly end child/family and youth homelessness and then finally, set a path to reducing overall homelessness, which is sort of the catch-all goal for other service areas. So that 10-year plan at the state level will guide a lot of what weâ€™re doing.â€
â€œThere are certain things that work for the chronically homeless population,â€ Coley added. â€œEnding their homelessness quickly, seeing whoâ€™s high-barrier, who really needs to be housed, rather than just taking, figuratively, a thousand people and saying â€˜letâ€™s house you all.â€™ Letâ€™s take those same thousand people who are homeless and see, for example, who has the highest barriers, who has mental illness and where can we place them in housing. Then even having a broader discussion about affordable housing development and housing units. So I think itâ€™s possible very much so to reduce the numbers of chronic homelessness.
Back to the point in time survey, and workers who connected with the group of homeless people living in a camp on the Missouri River, some who would fall into the chronically homeless category. By the light of a propane lantern, they run through several pages of questions that do more than provide a simple count.
â€œWe take into account their ability to manage their own health, manage their daily living skills, how do they interact with other people,â€ Smolsky said. â€œAre they being taken advantage of? Do they have income? From that, we can determine a level of care thatâ€™s appropriate based on the individual need. It lets us prioritize, so those that really need the most help maybe arenâ€™t always the ones coming and asking for the most help.â€
Early indications from this yearâ€™s point in time survey are higher numbers of unsheltered homeless people in Nebraska, but much warmer than normal temperatures that night likely led to more people staying outside and made finding them easier. Smolsky said in Omaha, itâ€™s also a positive sign that outreach workers have done a good job connecting with people that need help on a regular basis, not just for the survey.
As we finished following the point-in-time survey groups, Smolsky was asked about the one thing sheâ€™d like people to understand about homelessness?
â€œI would say donâ€™t make assumptions,â€ she answered. â€œThere are a lot of misconceptions that people want to stay homeless, that the people are there through some fault of their own. Sometimes they are, but a lot of times itâ€™s just an unfortunate set of circumstances and a lack of resources, and I have yet to meet someone that didnâ€™t want to move into housing.â€
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